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Model Activity Task Class 8 Geography Part 4
Questions given in this model activity task are simple and easy, so we have prepared all answers one by one. Hope you enjoy our article
Answer the following questions
(i) What is meant by the term ‘industry’?
Industry refers to the economic activity that involves the production of goods or the provision of services for monetary gain. It encompasses various sectors such as manufacturing, construction, mining, and services. Industries play a crucial role in the economic development of a country and contribute to employment and income generation.
(ii) Which are the main factors that influence the location of an industry?
The main factors influencing the location of an industry are the availability of raw materials, proximity to markets, transportation facilities, labor availability, infrastructure, government policies, and environmental considerations. Access to inputs, customer base, efficient logistics, skilled workforce, supportive infrastructure, favorable regulations, and sustainability aspects significantly impact industry location decisions.
(iii) Which industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry and why?
The manufacturing industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry. It plays a vital role in producing goods and equipment required for various sectors of the economy. Manufacturing drives innovation, creates jobs, contributes to exports, and supports the growth of other industries, making it essential for economic development and progress.
Distinguish between the following
(i) Agro-based and mineral-based industry
Agro-based industries use agricultural products as raw materials, such as food processing, textiles, and dairy. Mineral-based industries, on the other hand, rely on mineral resources like iron, steel, cement, and petroleum for production. Agro-based industries are linked to agriculture, while mineral-based industries are associated with mining and mineral extraction.
(ii) Public sector and joint sector industry
Public sector industries are owned and operated by the government, aiming to serve the public welfare. Joint sector industries, on the other hand, are jointly owned by the government and private enterprises. Public-sector industries are controlled by the government, while joint-sector industries involve shared ownership and management.
Give two examples of the following in the space provided
(i) Raw Materials: Iron ore and crude oil.
(ii) End products: Automobiles and smartphones.
(iii) Tertiary Activities: Banking and healthcare.
(iv) Agro-based Industries: Sugar industry and textile industry.
(v) Cottage Industries: Handloom weaving and pottery.
(vi) Co-operatives: Agricultural cooperatives and credit cooperatives.
According to the above-given answer of model activity task class, 8 Geography part 4 clears that all answers are given to the point. Prepare all these answers and you will get a 100% score in your final exam because these answers are made by highly qualified teachers.