Are you a student of class 8th and searching for model activity task class 8 history part 2 all solved solution for model activity? Here we have prepared all model activity solutions in this single article.
Model Activity Task Class 8 History Part 2
Solutions of all model activity tasks are given below one by one
Let Us Recall
Q No: 1 Match the following:
- Diwani: Right to collect land revenue
- Tipu Sultan: “Tiger of Mysore”
- Faujdari adalat: Criminal court
- Sepoy: Sipahi
- Rani Channamma: Led an anti-British movement in Kitoor
Q No: 2 Fill in the blanks:
(a)The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of Plassey.
(b) Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers of Mysore.
(c) Dalhousie implemented the Doctrine of Lapse.
(d) Maratha kingdoms were located mainly in the western part of India.
Q No: 3 State whether true or false:
(a) False. The Mughal Empire weakened in the eighteenth century.
(b) False. The English East India Company was not the only European company that traded with India.
(c) True. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the ruler of Punjab.
(d) False. The British did introduce administrative changes in the territories they conquered.
Let us Discuss
Q No: 4 What attracted European trading companies to India?
European trading companies were attracted to India due to its abundant resources, such as spices, textiles, and precious metals. Additionally, India’s strategic location and established trade networks provided access to lucrative markets in Asia. These factors presented lucrative economic opportunities, motivating European companies to establish trade relations and seek profits in India.
Q No: 5 What were the areas of conflict between the Bengal nawabs and the East India Company?
The areas of conflict between the Bengal nawabs and the East India Company were mainly economic and political. The nawabs saw the growing influence and control of the Company as a threat to their power and revenue. Disputes arose over issues like tax collection, trading privileges, and fortification of English factories, leading to conflicts and eventually the Battle of Plassey in 1757.
Q No: 6 How did the assumption of Diwani benefit the East India Company?
The assumption of Diwani by the East India Company benefited them in multiple ways. It gave them the right to collect land revenue, which provided a stable and significant source of income. This enabled the Company to strengthen its financial position, expand its influence, and consolidate its power in Bengal and other regions of India.
Q No: 7 Explain the system of “subsidiary alliance”.
The system of “subsidiary alliance” was a policy adopted by the British in India. Under this system, weaker Indian states had to accept British troops stationed in their territory for their protection. In return, these states had to give up control over their external affairs and maintain British forces, which gradually increased British control and influence over these states.
Q No: 8 In what way was the administration of the Company different from that of Indian rulers?
The administration of the East India Company differed from that of Indian rulers in several ways. Unlike Indian rulers, the Company’s administration was centralized and hierarchical, with decision-making power concentrated in the hands of British officials. The Company introduced new administrative systems, such as collecting revenue directly and implementing laws based on British legal principles, which differed from the traditional systems followed by Indian rulers.
Q No: 9 Describe the changes that occurred in the composition of the Company’s army.
The composition of the Company’s army underwent significant changes over time. Initially, the army consisted mainly of European soldiers and sepoys. However, as the Company expanded its control, it started recruiting more Indian soldiers, especially from the regions it conquered. This led to a gradual increase in the number of Indian soldiers in the Company’s army, which played a crucial role in its military operations.
Let us do
Q No: 10 After the British conquest of Bengal, Calcutta grew from a small village to a big city. Find out about the culture, architecture and the life of Europeans and Indians of the city during the colonial period.
After the British conquest of Bengal, Calcutta transformed from a small village into a bustling city. The colonial period witnessed a blend of European and Indian cultures, reflected in the architecture, social life, and cultural practices of both communities in the city.
According to the above-given answer solution of model activity task class 8 history part 2. It is clear that all answer solutions are given according to the syllabus. Prepare these questions and answers, and we assure you will do a better score in your final exam.