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Model Activity Task Class 8 History Part 3
All answer solutions like Matching questions, Fill in the blanks, True False questions, and all short answers questions are given below one by one
Let us Recall
Q No: 1 Match the following:
- Ryot: Peasant
- Mahal: Village
- Nij: Cultivation on ryot’s lands
- Ryoti: Cultivation on planter’s own land
Q No: 2 Fill in the blanks:
(a)Growers of woad in Europe saw indigo as a crop which would provide competition to their earnings.
(b) The demand for indigo increased in late eighteenth-century Britain because of the textile industry’s need for blue dye.
(c) The international demand for indigo was affected by the discovery of synthetic dyes. (d) The Champaran movement was against the oppressive indigo plantation system.
Let Us Discuss
Q No: 3 Describe the main features of the Permanent Settlement.
The main features of the Permanent Settlement were that it fixed the revenue demand on land, making it a permanent settlement. The landlords became intermediaries between the government and the peasants. The revenue demand was fixed, regardless of changes in agricultural productivity, leading to the exploitation of peasants and stagnation in agriculture.
Q No: 4 How was the mahalwari system different from the Permanent Settlement?
The Mahalwari system differed from the Permanent Settlement in a few ways. In the Mahalwari system, the land was settled village-wise instead of individual landlords. The revenue demand was not fixed and could be revised periodically based on changes in agricultural productivity. The village community collectively paid the revenue, reducing the role of intermediaries and providing some flexibility to the system.
Q No: 5 Give two problems which arose with the new Munro system of fixing revenue.
Two problems that arose with the new Munro system of fixing revenue were:
- Overassessment: The revenue demand under the Munro system was often set too high, leading to overburdening of the peasants. This resulted in increased poverty and indebtedness among the farming community.
- Lack of flexibility: The fixed revenue demand remained unchanged for long periods, regardless of changes in agricultural conditions or productivity. This lack of flexibility made it difficult for peasants to cope with natural disasters or fluctuations in crop yields, further exacerbating their hardships.
Q No: 6 Why were Ryots reluctant to grow indigo?
Ryots were reluctant to grow indigo because it was a demanding and labor-intensive crop. Cultivating indigo required significant investment, and long hours of labor, and it yielded low profits. Additionally, the oppressive terms imposed by the planters made it an unfavorable choice for the ryots.
Q No: 7 What were the circumstances which led to the eventual collapse of indigo production in Bengal?
The eventual collapse of indigo production in Bengal was due to multiple factors. The exploitative indigo planters, oppressive conditions imposed on ryots, low profits, and the emergence of synthetic dyes in the international market led to a decline in indigo cultivation, ultimately resulting in its collapse.
Let Us Do
Q No: Find out more about the Champaran movement and Mahatma Gandhi’s role in it.
The Champaran movement was a significant peasant movement in 1917, led by Mahatma Gandhi. It aimed to protest against the exploitation and oppressive indigo plantation system in Champaran, Bihar. Gandhi organized protests, conducted investigations, and advocated for the rights of indigo farmers, which eventually led to the abolition of the oppressive system and marked a milestone in India’s freedom struggle.
Thus, in conclusion, all questions and answers of the model activity task class 8th History part 3 are given in short and to the point. Prepare these questions and get 100% score in your 8th class final exam